Legal status of CBD

CBG in Spain: Properties, Uses and Legality Updated 2024

What is CBG?

CBG, or Cannabigerol, is mainly the purest version of cannabinoids, as during the later stages of the plant’s growth it is broken down into other, better known compounds such as CBD and THC.

Characteristics of CBG

  1. Chemical Structure: CBG shares a similar chemical structure with other cannabinoids such as CBD and THC, but differs in terms of the arrangement of atoms.
  2. Predecessor of other Cannabinoids: CBG is the precursor of other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. During the growth of the cannabis plant, CBG is converted into these other compounds as the plant matures.
  3. Non Psychoactive: Unlike THC, CBG does not produce psychoactive effects, which means that it does not cause the “high” sensation.
  4. Therapeutic potential: Although more research is needed, it has been suggested that CBG may have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.

History of CBG

CBG was first discovered in the 1960s by researchers studying cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Although it was identified early, its therapeutic potential and its differences from other cannabinoids did not receive significant attention until recent years.

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Products containing CBG

CBG is found in lower concentration than other cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, which has made it difficult to extract and produce on a large scale. However, with advances in cultivation and extraction techniques, products containing higher concentrations of CBG have been developed. These may include:

  1. CBG oils: Similar to CBD oils, CBG oils are extracted from cannabis plants with high levels of CBG.
  2. Capsules and Supplements: Supplements and capsules containing concentrated CBG extracts are available.
  3. CBG flowers: Some breeders have developed cannabis strains with high levels of CBG, allowing the sale of flowers rich in this cannabinoid.

Buy CBG products in Spain

In Spain, the legality of purchasing products containing CBG is subject to the current legislation on cannabis and its derivatives The legal situation in Spain with respect to CBG is as follows:

CBG in Spain is not classified as a psychoactive substance and is not controlled at the international level. However, their legal status may vary according to the national legislation of each country.

In Spain, the cultivation and commercialization of cannabis and its derivatives are regulated by the Organic Law for the Protection of Public Safety and Royal Decree 1729/1999, which prohibits the cultivation of cannabis varieties for recreational purposes and public consumption.

That said, the marketing and sale of CBG products in Spain, such as oils, capsules and other derivatives, must comply with specific regulations and must not contain illegal levels of THC (the psychoactive component of cannabis). It is important to ensure that CBG products purchased comply with the legal and safety requirements established by the competent authorities.

However, keep in mind that laws and regulations may change over time, so it is advisable to check the current situation with official sources or consult legal experts if in doubt.

Main differences between CBG and CBD:

  1. Biosynthesis and Precursors:
    • CBG (Cannabigerol): It is considered the “father” of cannabinoids, since it is the precursor of others such as CBD and THC. During plant growth, CBG is converted into these compounds.
    • CBD (Cannabidiol): Derived from cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) through a decarboxylation process.
  2. Concentration in the plant:
    • CBG is found in much smaller amounts than CBD in the cannabis plant.
  3. Interaction with Cannabinoid Receptors:
    • CBG: It has a moderate affinity for both CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, although it does not bind directly to them in the same way as THC.
    • CBD: It has a very low affinity for these receptors, and instead interacts indirectly with other body systems.

Cons of CBG at present:

  1. Scarcity and Cost of Production: Due to its lower concentration in the plant, the extraction and production of CBG is more complicated and costly compared to CBD.
  2. Limited Research: Although promising, CBG has not yet been as well studied as CBD, so its effects and applications require more research.

Final Considerations: CBG and CBD have different characteristics and potentials. While CBG shows a promising range of properties, its availability and costs can be limiting. CBD, on the other hand, has been more extensively studied and is more widely available. The choice between the two will depend on individual needs and the availability of products on the market.

Frequently asked questions about CBG

  1. Is CBG psychoactive?
    • No, CBG is not psychoactive, which means that it does not produce mind-altering effects.
  2. What is the difference between CBG and CBD?
    • Although both are cannabinoids, CBG is the precursor to other cannabinoids and has potential properties distinct from CBD.
  3. In which products can I find CBG?
    • You can find CBG in oils, capsules and supplements derived from cannabis strains with high levels of this cannabinoid.
  4. When was CBG discovered?
    • CBG was first discovered in the 1960s by researchers studying cannabinoids in the cannabis plant.

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